The polyps are an abnormal growth of the intestinal mucosa. They are usually benign, but over time, some can become malignant, causing colon cancer.
Anyone can have polyps, but the risk of developing them increases, especially after the age of 50, in smokers, overweight people, and those with a family history of colon cancer.
Colon polyps may be asymptomatic and can only be detected by colonoscopy.
In some cases, the symptoms appear as follows:
- Intestinal bleeding. This can be a symptom of colon polyps, cancer or other diseases such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, inflammatory bowel disease, etc.
- Stool discoloration. Blood may be in the form of threads or streaks mixed with the stool, or the color of the stool may change to white. Discoloration of the stool may also be related to food or medication.
- Changes in bowel habits. Constipation or diarrhea that lasts for more than a week may indicate a large colon polyps.
- Pain: Large colon polyps can partially clog the intestinal peritoneum, causing constriction pain.
Iron deficiency anemia. Bleeding from a polyp can be slow, over a long period of time, with no visible blood in the stool. Chronic bleeding causes iron deficiency և anemia. Anemia results in weakness, fatigue, and shortness of breath.