ULTRASOUND RESEARCH

The ultrasound is one of the most informative ways of diagnostics among the non-invasive
methods. It is widely used for diagnostics of a wide range of conditions. The portion of
ultrasound ways used for the testing is safe for human health. the ultrasound is used in
diagnostics, monitoring, as well as assessment of treatment efficiency.
 
“Cito” medical centre is equipped with “TOSHIBA Aplio 500platinum” and “TOSHIBA Xario 200”
3D/4D ultrasound systems, which provide flawless imaging owing to “Aplipure”, “Aplipure+”,
“Differential THI”, “Precision Imaging” innovative technologies independent of the anatomical
specifics of the patient. Besides color and spectral Doppler imaging methods, the systems also
apply unique “Advanced Dynamic Flow” technology, which helps get the detailed picture of
blood vessels, including capillary networks in high spatial and temporal resolution. “Aplio 500
platinum” and “TOSHIBA Xario 200” are equipped with special software for the assessment of
qualitative and quantitative alterations.
• Compressive elastography for qualitative and quantitative assessment of elasticity in tissues
(“ELASTO Q” is one of the most innovative and promising methods in ultrasound testing, which
is based on assessing the specifics of elasticity in various tissues)
• Specific ultrasound software provides tools for quantitative analysis of tissues through Doppler
imaging

Soft tissue sonography

Superficially soft tissues, such as muscles and subcutaneous fat, are examined.

Peripheral nerve endography

Ultrasound test can also be used for diagnosis of peripheral nerves. The method let’s see the full length of the nerve, measure the diameters, and identify pathological changes. There are diseases and pathological conditions related to peripheral nerves, which can be assessed by ultrasound test. This particularly refers to neuropathies (chronic and acute pathologies of nerves), nerve injuries and ruptures, posttraumatic changes, and tumors, such as neuromas, schwannomas, etc.

Echocardiography

The test is compulsory for those who have chest pains, shortness of breath, arrhythmias, high blood pressure, headaches, and loss of consciousness, heart pathologies, and more.

Cardiac ultrasound is a method to identify structural specifics of the heart, the sizes of heart cavity, contractility, valves, identify innate and obtained pathologies, or cardiomyopathy. The test can be performed multiple times: it is harmless in any age and is acceptable during pregnancy.

Breast sonography

Breast ultrasound testing helps diagnose or assess:

  • Mastopathy
  • Benign and malignant tumors
  • Luminal-like papillomatosis (primary diagnostics)
  • Mammary ducts
  • Inflammatory sites (mastitis)
  • Armpit lymphatic nodes

Duplex research

Duplex is ultrasound testing of structural and functional characteristics of arteries and veins, anatomic condition of walls, hemodynamic characteristics of magistral arteries.

Duplex ultrasound of lower limb vessels is indicated in the following cases:

1-Swelling of lower limbs (for exclusion of blood clots, and assessment of the threat they may pose)

2-Red, painful focuses, enlarging vessels on lower limbs

3- Pain in calf and hips areas while walking

4-Diabetes

5-Before and after surgical invasion/catheterization of blood vessels

6-High levels of cholesterol and/or triacylglycerol in blood

Duplex ultrasound of brain vessels is indicated in the following cases:

1-Headaches, vertigo (fainting)

2-One-side limb numbness and speech disorders

3- High levels of cholesterol and/or triacylglycerol in blood

4-Pulsation in neck area

5-Persistent unidentified pain in neck area

6- Before and after surgical invasion/catheterization of blood vessels

Duplex ultrasound of upper limb vessels is indicated in the following cases:

1- Swelling of upper limbs

2-Red, painful focuses, enlarging vessels on upper limbs

3- Pain at moving

“Cito” medical centre performs the following tests:

1․Duplex ultrasound of upper limb magistral arteries

2․Duplex ultrasound of lower limb magistral arteries 3․Duplex ultrasound of neck area

Elastography

Elastography is a modern ultrasound test that allows you to study the firmness and flexibility of tissues.

Folliculometer

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Folliculometry (CU screening) is a great way to keep your follicle growing

Scrotum sonography

Scrotum ultrasound helps diagnose:

  • Orchitis
  • Epididymidis
  • Hydrocele
  • Tumors
  • Varicocele

Lymph nodes

Lymphatic nodes ultrasound helps diagnose:

  • Neck lymphatic nodes
  • Armpit lymphatic nodes
  • Groin lymphatic nodes (size, shape, etc.)

Joints sonography

In orthopedics and rheumatology joint ultrasound is used both as a means of diagnostics, and as a method of treatment. Unlike other known more costly tests (MRI and CT), joint ultrasound is a dynamic test, which let’s assess the joint in movement to identify the areas, which bother the patient.

Ultrasound helps perform various types of medical invasions, including intra-articular and intra-tendon injections. Soft tissue and joint ultrasound testing is also applied for punctures and biopsies of variety of tumors for accuracy in identification of tumors for the purpose of performing the manipulation.

Thyroid

Thyroid ultrasound testing helps diagnose or assess:

  • Size and volume
  • Diffuse changes
  • Nodules
  • Benign and malignant tumors

Abdominal and pelvic cavity

Abdominal organ ultrasound helps diagnose the following conditions:

*Liver

1/Change in size

2/Change in tissue structure

3/Benign and malignant tumors

4/Change is liver blood vessel size

*Gall bladder

1/Assessment of shape and size

2/Assessment of wall thickness

3/Diagnosis of tumors (polyp, etc.)

4/ Cholelithiasis

5/Assessment of bile spissitude

*Pancreas

1/Assessment of size

2/ Assessment of tissue structure

3/Assessment of Wirsung’s duct width

4/Diagnosis of tumors

*Kidneys

1/ Assessment of sizes

2/Assessment of calyx and renal pelvis

3/Diagnosis of stones and renal sand

4/ Benign and malignant tumors

Bladder

1/Assessment of walls

2/Benign and malignant tumors

*Spleen

1/ Assessment of shape and size

2/ Assessment of tissue structure

3/ Benign and malignant tumors

Small pelvis ultrasound helps diagnose the following conditions:

*Cervix

1/ Assessment of shape, size, and position

2/Diagnosis of changes is myometrium

3/ Benign and malignant tumors

*Endometrium

1/Assessment of thickness and homogeneity

2/ Benign and malignant tumors

*Ovaries

1/ Assessment of shape, size, and position 2/ Фolliculometry

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