According to an epidemiologist at Cito Medical Center Dr. Lusine Anushavani Harutyunyan.
Acute intestinal infections are caused by various bacteria, viruses and parasites.
The latent period of the disease lasts from several hours to several days, depending on the type of pathogen, and is mainly due to the intake of food of poor quality, stored in the wrong temperature regime.
It begins acutely, the main clinical symptoms are: nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, fever, loss of appetite.
The most common bacterial pathogens are Salmonella, Shigella, Campylobacter and aptogenic strains of E. coli.
The most common viral pathogens are: Rotavirus, Norovirus, Astrovirus, Adenovirus.
Viral diarrheas are most common in childhood and cause severe dehydration.
Bacterial intestinal infections are characterized by a more severe clinical course with deep damage to the mucous membrane, in some cases acute kidney damage may occur under the influence of bacterial endotoxins, leading to the development of hemolytic-uremic syndrome.
Considering the prevalence of acute intestinal infections (both bacterial and viral) in hot weather, a quick and correct diagnosis is very important for treatment.
With the classic microbiological method, it takes about 48-72 hours to detect an acute intestinal infection, which is quite a long time for a dehydrated patient.
The application of the express diagnostic method of antigen detection is fast, but it is not available for all common intestinal infections.
The SAI complex diagnostic test is convenient and fast, it helps to quickly identify the most common pathogens and, if necessary, prescribe specific treatment.